Compose a 1250 words assignment on michael bakunin: god and the state. Needs to be plagiarism free! Q 2: Connect the two faculties that make us different from the other animals to the three fundamental principles that constitute the essential conditions of all human development? Ans.: According to Bakunin, there are two precious faculties in man: the power to think and, the desire to rebel. He also cited three fundamental principles as constituting the important conditions of human development: human animality. thought, and. rebellion. The aforementioned conditions are necessary for progress because they are the avenues by which the faculties of man can be expressed. As a product of human nature, the man was an animal but because he had the power to think, he began to think in abstractions (ex. idea of God) which enslaved him. However because he also has a desire to rebel, he rebelled from all that enslaved him (including religion), and in the end, he is liberated, and with freedom comes progress.
Q 3: What is an illusion? Give several reasons why Bakunin thinks religion is an illusion? Wha, is his answer to those who say that the religious sentiment in human is very old or that almost all of the ancient cultures have religion in them? How are religion and reason related?
Ans: An illusion is something that is not real but a mere figment of the imagination. Bakunin thought that religion is an illusion because it defies not only a complete explanation but is contrary to science and logic and the cause of the development of the idea of a divine and Supreme Being is unknown. The belief in religion cannot be rationalized by its antiquity because man progressively became knowledgeable as time passes as he emerges from his animality, therefore, old beliefs should be doubted. Neither should universality be the basis of the authority of religion because it only denotes similarity of human nature in all history. Not all that was anchored in the past or believed by many are necessarily true. Bakunin reasoned that in the old days’ people believed that the world was flat and it was discovered not to be true, and slavery was an accepted form of exploitation in the past and it was unjust. To Bakunin, religion is “the abdication of human reason.”
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Q 4: Pages 28-40 are about liberty and authority. Of what does the liberty of man consist? How does this definition involve the two faculties of question #2?
Ans. . . . Liberty of man, according to Bakunin, is recognizing the natural laws and obeying and applying these laws for the purpose of collective and individual freedom. The power to think is important because it will be instrumental in uncovering all such natural laws and passing them on to the consciousness of everybody. The desire to rebel by man will likewise be important in the application of the all-natural laws that will be uncovered to attain complete freedom from all political direction, organization, and legislation.