Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses the changes to architecture of muharraq and bahrain islands throughout its development. During the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, traditional architecture has greatly dominated Muharraq city. These traditional architectures were characterized by their responsiveness to the social and physical aspects within the social context. The traditional architectural houses were built in a courtyard style that mostly considered the climate and metaphoric religious connections (Belgrave, 1973, p.89). The rooms within traditional architecture houses were built to be multi-functional and their roofs were also used to connect the rooms on the upper first floor. The materials used in traditional architecture were mainly local materials with a few combinations with imported ones mostly from Mesopotamia, Iran, East Africa, and India (Al-Fadhel, 1999, pp. 55-60). In traditional architecture, houses were built in a communal manner such a way that houses were absorbed in the big mass. This was to emphasize the social belief of solidarity and loyalty within a community and at the same time emphasize one’s social status within the society (Vinitha, 2003, np). Those deemed to have higher social status within society like rulers, their houses were built separately from the big mass and the difference could be noted in building materials, architectural elements, and the architectural designs that included bigger .spacing of everything. The construction methods in architectural work were also simple in terms of elevations among other construction methods in traditional architecture (Al-Muraikhi, 1991, pp.12-18).
Traditional architecture started to change its outlook at the beginning of the 20th century. During this period there were many changes in the social, economic, and political landscape of Muharraq city. There was a total increase in population from 70000 to 90000 in 1941 and to 110000 in 1950 in regard to Bahrain as a whole. .