Need help with my writing homework on Cellular Phone Usage in the Car. Write a 1250 word paper answering;  .At the same time, according to Brookhuis, de Vries, & de Waard (1991), while talking on the cell phone drivers demonstrated decreased lane deviations (cited by Horrey & Wickens, 2004). Despite these inconsistencies, a total ban of cellular phone usage while operating a motor vehicle may drastically reduce road accidents.
Driver distraction can be classified into two types (internal distraction and external stimuli) and four categories – visual, cognitive, auditory and biomechanical distraction. Of these, auditory distraction is associated with cell phone usage (Tseng et al., 2005). This is more likely in the case of hand-held phones but other studies demonstrate that the primary cause of inattention is cognitive, which implies that even hands-free phones are equally dangerous (Horry & Wickens).
Several studies have been conducted and on an average, it has been found that drivers talking on the mobile phones while driving have higher risks in car accidents compared to non-mobile phone users (Laberge-Nadeau et al., 2003. Wilson et al., 2003. Redelmeier and Tibshirani, 1997. Strayer and Drews, 2004 cited Tseng et al.). Use of mobile phones while driving increases the risk of collisions by four times, which is also confirmed by Redelmeier and Tibshirani (1997). In addition, frequent mobile phone users had a relatively higher risk than rare-users. Being engaged in the cell phone while driving, is definitely more risky than listening to the radio or talking to other passengers while driving.
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Horry & Wickens, through meta-analysis conducted, concluded that depending upon the response time, different hazards can occur due to talking on the cell phone while driving. For instance, lane-keeping and hazard response depends on ambient and focal vision. They also found that the driving performance in hands held phones and hands-free devices do not differ. This confirms that the manual activity of holding the phone is not important. What matters is the cognitive aspect. .