Public Health timeline
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Part 1. Review the Interactive Public Health
Timeline media piece in the Learning Resources for this week and select one
of the significant milestones for public health. Consider how this milestone
relates to health education. Provide a description of the milestone that you
selected. Explain the role of health educators in effecting/contributing to
this milestone. Then explain how the role of the health educator, for this
milestone, contributes to the field of health education and health promotion
today. Be specific and provide examples
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1872: The American Public Health Association founded by Dr. Stephen Smith, a physician, attorney and commissioner of New York City’s Metropolitan Health Board, puts forth the concept of a national health service.1893: APHA and the United States focus on the control of tuberculosis. 1895: APHA publishes the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage.1900: Walter Reed reports at the APHA Annual Meeting that mosquitoes carry yellow fever.1905: APHA publishes the Standard Methods for the Examination of Milk.1906: First federal Food and Drug Act passed; APHA publishes the American Journal of Public Hygiene.1908: APHA’s standardized death certificate adopted by the U.S.Census 1909: APHA publishes the Standard Methods for the Examination of Air.1911: Journal of the American Public Health Association established, later becoming the American Journal of Public Health.1916: APHA publishes first issue of Control of Communicable Diseases in Man.1918: APHA postponed its Annual Meeting in reaction to a global influenza pandemic. The Association conducted scheduled discussions regarding the pandemic in December 1918.1925: APHA creates Appraisal Form for Local Health Work.1932: President Hoover speaks at APHA’s Annual Meeting.1943: APHA sets qualification standards for health educators.1948: United Nations establishes the World Health Organization with strong APHA support.1950: APHA member Jonas Salk introduces Salk vaccine for polio.1956: National Library of Medicine established.1964: Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health published; President Johnson signs the Medicare/Medicaid Act.1965: APHA publishes the first Public Health Law Manual.1970: Congress establishes the Environmental Protection Agency; the Occupational Safety and Health Administration; and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.1972 APHA celebrates its 100th anniversary with 25,100 members.1973: APHA cited in Supreme Court decision striking down most anti-abortion laws.1982: APHA testifies at the first congressional hearings on AIDS.1986: Former President Jimmy Carter speaks at Annual Meeting.1994: Medicine and Public Health Initiative established by the APHA and American Medical Association.1995: President Bill Clinton proclaims the first full week of April as National Public Health Week.1997: APHA celebrates its 125th anniversary with 32,000 members; Presidential Citation presented to Nelson Mandela.1999: APHA builds its headquarters building in Washington, D.C.2005: APHA relocates its Annual Meeting from New Orleans to Philadelphia following widespread devastation left by Hurricane Katrina.2006: APHA launches Get Ready campaign, an all hazards preparedness initiative.2010: APHA helps win passage of the Affordable Care Act.2011: APHA launches our blog, Public Health Newswire.2013: APHA rolls out APHA Connect, an online member community.2014: APHA surpasses 300,000 Twitter followers of @PublicHealth
Part 2. Review the Point Mar Case Study provided in this week’s Learning Resources for the Final Project. Select a health issue from this case study to focus on for the Final Project and that you would like to address with a health education program. Reflect on this health issue and consider peer-reviewed literature and data-based resources (e.g., websites, peer-reviewed journals, etc.) that can be used to research this specific health issue.The Assignment: (1–2 pages)
Describe the health issue that you selected from the case study, including an explanation of why this health issue is important for the health education profession.
- Describe how this health issue should be addressed through a specific health education program.
- Include a list of 3–5 peer-reviewed literature resources that you are considering using as support for your Final Project.
Identify data-based resources or support for this health issue
Point Mar Case Study
Congratulations! You have been hired by the Vista County Health Department as their new health educator. This county has never had a health educator and is only minimally staffed with three public health nurses, a sanitarian, two community health workers and a physician health officer who all occupy the small public health department to which you are assigned. Your resources are limited as this is a relatively poor county economically. Your public health department is located along the Pacific coast in the southern part of the state. The county has an overall population of approximately 100,000 with the main population center located in the port city of Point Mar. Point Mar has a population of 37,500 while the other five towns in the county have populations ranging from 2,000 to 9,300 and, in addition, there are scattered pockets of people living in many unincorporated areas of the county who are involved in a variety of economic pursuits. The principle sources of income for Vista County are derived from agriculture, commercial shipping, fishing, tourism, and small to medium businesses. The population of Vista County is 43% Caucasian, 33% Hispanic, 12% Asian/Pacific Islander, 10% African American, and 2% American Indian. There has been a recent influx of Southeast Asians into Point Mar and there is a regular Latino migrant farm worker population employed in the County’s agricultural areas. In general, the road systems are adequate to connect all the towns in the county. The distances between towns range from 8–20 miles and all towns and most outlying areas have telephone, electricity, sanitation, and water services. In addition, there are two major newspapers, three radio stations, and one cable television station serving the county. Of these, one newspaper, one radio station, and the cable TV station are located in Point Mar. There are three high schools, four middle schools, and five elementary schools in the county with one-third of the children in the county being bussed into these schools. There are three hospitals in the county with two of these (Vista County Hospital and San Sebastian Regional Medical Center) located in Point Mar. There are also ambulance services, fire and police services, and other governmental agencies serving the entire county. Based on your needs assessment you have identified five potential health issues in the Point Mar community. These include: Periodic outbreaks of food poisoning among the fast food restaurants serving the beach recreational areas of Point Mar Increasing levels of childhood obesity associated with adult onset type II diabetes An increase in TB among Asian immigrants that have moved to the area An increase in Chlamydia infections among teens in the community High job-related accident rates among Latino dock workers at the port An increase in accident rates associated with falls among seniors in the community
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