Write a 6 pages paper on theoretical approaches in social therapy. The methods give people an optimistic attitude by empowering them to become experts of their own problems (White & Epston, 1990). The narrative therapy approach requires that the clients their experiences as problem saturated stories and the therapists identify certain values and strengths that the client can use to work out the challenges in their lives.
This method of counselling has won the favour of many social workers due to numerous strengths. First, the method gives the person the power to work more independently in solving their own problems. The main role of the therapist is to help the client to identify the values and the beliefs that can help them in working against the problem. Therefore, the client becomes more independent and learns how to face their problems. Secondly, this method isolates the problem from the client and allows the patient to look at it from a different angle (Allen, 2012). As such, this method helps the client to look at the problem from a contextual perspective, giving the power to face the problem more boldly.
However, this method suffers from a number of weaknesses that make it less effective. To begin with, this method seems to hold that there is no specific way of handling problems. Therefore, it makes it a big challenge for the therapist to identify the patient problems and to define an effective way in which the problem can be diffused. Secondly, certain groups of patients are less likely to respond to such a collaborative approach. The collaborative approach requires people whose mental capacity is strong enough to identify problems and their effects. Such people may fail to understand their problems and any efforts to help them solve these problems may fail to work (Harms, 2012). Therefore, this method is likely to work for some group of individuals whose’ potential to solve problems independently may be limited.
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The socio-cognitive therapy approaches apply the socio-cognitive theories that suggest that it is possible to model human behaviour by using the experiences of others in the community (Van & Thomson, 2011). . .